Scharwenka, Ludwig Philipp



German pianist, composer and teacher who, with his brother, Xavier, has won considerable renown in connection with their Scharwenka Conservatory at Berlin, which Xayier founded, and which undertaking Philipp joined. Philipp Scharwenka was born at Samter, Posen, where his father was a successful architect. In that town he received his first musical education. In 1865 the family removed to Posen, and later to Berlin, where the musical studies of the two brothers were continued. At Berlin Philipp entered the renowned Kullak's Academy, where he studied under Richard Wüerst and Heinrich Dorn, becoming himself a member of the faculty in 1869 and teaching theory of music and composition. When his brother Xavier founded the Scharwenka Conservatory in 1880, Philipp joined him, taking charge of the composition and music theory classes, and with the exception of a brief intermission, he has remained in this position ever since, the school having in the meantime been consolidated with the Klindworth Conservatory. Scharwenka's fame as a composer has been firmly established since the publication of his opera, Sakuntula, in 1885. He has also written a number of compositions for the piano. His Dramatic Fantasy for full orchestra was awarded first prize by the German General Music Society. He has been especially praised for his Herbstfeier; his two choral cantatas; his festival overture, Dorper-Ganzweise, for chorus and piano, the latter being an especially rilliant composition. Besides these Scharwenka has produced two symphonies; an overture; chamber-music; dances in Chopin's style; scherzos and fantasies m the style of Robert Schumann; Arcadian suite; serenade; romance for violin and piano; in all about one hundred and twelve works. Philipp accompanied his brother to New York in 1891, but remained only a year, going back to Berlin to join Goldschmidt in the direction of the Conservatory. Scharwenka's talents are not confined to music.   He is a gifted caricaturist, and illustrated with several wood-cuts Anton Notenquetscher, a satirical poem by Alexander Moskowski. He was married in 1880 to the violinist, Marianne Stresow, who is at present an instructor in the Scharwenka Conservatory.