Neuendorff, Adolf



Born in Hamburg, but received most of his education and lived nearly all his life in America, as he came with his father to New York in 1855, already a fair pianist From Joseph Weinlich and G. Matzka he received violin instruction, and when sixteen made his debut  as pianist and then as first violinist in the old Stadttheatre of New York. After a tour as violinist through South America he took up the study of theory and composition with Carl Anschutz. He went to Milwaukee where he was made conductor of the German Theatre; for three years he conducted German Opera in New York; from 1867 to 1871 was conductor of the Stadttheatre; he brought an opera company from Europe and gave the first performance of Lohengrin in America. He was also conductor of the Juch English Opera Company and of the English Grand Opera in New York. After his contract with the Stadttheatre expired he went back to his native land. When he returned to New York he brought with him Theodor Wachtel and they, with Carl Rosa, conducted Italian Opera at the New York Academy of Music for a season. He was the founder of the Germania Theatre of New York and its manager for two years, and then with Wachtel and Mme. Poppenheim gave a season of German Opera at the Academy, and in 1877 The Flying Dutchman, Tannhauser and Die Walküre. The next year he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic Society, and from 1884 to 1889 was a concert director in Boston. He afterwards gave concert tours over the United States, and when Josef Hoffman made his first American tour, Neuendorff conducted his concerts. He went to Vienna in 1893, when his wife, Georgine V. Januschowsky, was prima donna at the Imperial Opera. Upon his return to New York in 1896 he became director of music at the Temple Emanu-El, and in 1897 succeeded Seidl as conductor of the Metropolitan Permanent Orchestra. His compositions are four comic operas, The Rat Charmer of Hamelin, Don Quixote, Prince Woodruff and The Minstrel; two symphonies; several overtures; cantatas; male quartets and many songs.