Klughardt, August


German conductor, composer of operas and church and instrumental music; was a follower of Liszt. Born at Cothen, and studied with Thiele and Diedicke at Dessau, and Blassmann and Reichel at Dresden. Was conductor at the theatres of Posen, Ljübeck and Weimar, for a number of years. In 1873 he entered the service of the Grand Duke at Neustrelitz and later at Dessau, where he died. He composed after the manner of Liszt's followers, but was less extravagant than most of them. He wrote four operas, Miriam, Iwein, Gudrun and Die Hochzeit des Monchs, given at Prague as Astorre; Leonore, a symphonic poem; several oratorios, one of them, Die Zerstorung Jerusalems, being considered his best work; other instrumental compositions; and songs.