Composer and musical educator; born at Nieustadt. He studied at the Teachers' Seminary at Eisleben, and in 1850 went to Berlin, founding the Luisenstadt there. He also directed the Mohn Conservatory at Berlin. He taught in Zeckwer's Conservatory in Philadelphia after 1886, and died in Philadelphia ten years later. He has written the opera, Der Orakelspruch; the male choruses, Jauchzend erhebt sich die Schopfung and Am Altare der Wahrheit; the cantata, Bergmannsgruss; songs and piano-compositions.