Torelli, Giuseppe



Excellent violinist to whom is attributed the invention of the concerto; born at Verona about the middle of the Seventeenth Century. He lived in Bologna and was orchestra leader in the Church of San Petronio in 1685, but about 1703 went to Ansbach, Germany, as concertmaster to the Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach, dying there in 1708. He is now interesting chiefly as the musician who arranged the sonata form for concerted playing. His most important work is Concerti grossi con un pastorale per il Sanctissimo Natale, and two violini di ripieno. Fetis credits him with eight published works, for two, three and four instruments.