Solovieff, Nicolas Theopemptovitch



A Russian composer. He was born at Perosavodsk, and studied at the Academy of Medicine Surgery. Later he gave up his medical studies and entered the St. Petersburg Conservatory, where he was a pupil of N. J. Zaremba in the theory class, and finished his course in 1870 with a dramatic cantata, Samson's Death, for which he was awarded a silver medal. Solovieff began his career as a critic in 1870, and since 1874 has been professor of harmony, counterpoint, musical history and theory of music at the St. Petersburg Conservatory, and is critic and manager of the Imperial Court Chapel. He has composed a large number of noteworthy works which include a symphonic cantata, Russia and the Mongols; a cantata, for the two hundredth anniversary of the birth of Peter the Great; a cantata for voices and piano; The Legend of the Wars of Tgor; a chorus and prayer for Russia, which was awarded the competition prize of the Imperial Russian Musical Society in 1878; an overture on a Russian popular song, composed for the Pan-Russian exhibition in Moscow in 1882; two operas and a collection of three hundred Russian songs. Solovieff's first opera, The Blacksmith, was given at St. Petersburg in 1875, and Cordelia appeared in 1885. This last opera was awarded a medal at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893.