Famous operatic barytone; born at Rostock; studied at Berlin under Elsler and Mantius, at Prague under Ress and the barytone, Lamperti, at Milan. Up to 1874 he appeared in opera at Berlin, Rotterdam, Strasburg, Cologne, Hamburg and Munich. In 1882 he created the role of Amfortas in Parsifal, and in the same year was engaged at the Vienna Court Opera, where he sang until 1889; then came to this country, singing in German Opera at New York for a season, and later made long tours as a star, after which he sang again in the Court Opera at Vienna.