Kiel, Friedrich


Prussian pianist; considered one of the best examples of the classical school. He was born at Puderbach, and studied music first with his father, who was a schoolmaster in the town. He continued his education by himself, and began composing dancemusic. Some of his simple pieces finally came to the notice of Prince Karl von Wittgenstein, who at once had the young man instructed, and gave him a position in his orchestra. He first became a pupil of Kummer at Coburg, and then led the Court Orchestra and taught the Duke's children. With financial aid from King Frederick William IV., he was able to continue his studies under Dehn at Berlin, and took up his residence in that city permanently. In 1862 his Requiem was given at the Stern Gesangverein. He taught privately until 1856, and then became composition teacher at Stern's Conservatory, and in 1870 at the Hochschule fur Musik. In 1865 he became a member of the Academy of Fine Arts, and in 1868 a Royal professor. His work as a teacher was admirable, but his compositions lack spontaneity and originality. He wrote for the piano and orchestra and his works include much sacred music.