One of the foremost women composers in England today. She was orn in Cologne. When a child she was taken to London and at nine she entered the Royal Academy of Music, where she studied piano under Pauer and Potter and composition under Steggall and George Macfarren. She won the silver medal of the Academy two years in succession and twice won the King's Scholarship. In 1863 she made her debut at Crystal Palace and the following year had her first appearance with the Gewandhaus Orchestra in Leipsic. She has frequently appeared in the Monday and Saturday Popular and Philharmonic concerts of London, with the Liverpool Philharmonic in Manchester and the chief provincial concerts and in the principal cities of Germany. She has always devoted herself to the classical school in her playing and gave, for the first and only .time in England, Beethoven's transcription of his violin concerto for the piano. Her compositions also follow the classical form and style and include a piano trio, three violin sonatas, a suite and sonatas for piano, piano solos and songs, part-songs, and duets. Most praiseworthy is her editing of the piano works of Schumann and the sonatas of Beethoven and Mozart.