Born at Augsburg; his name originally being Holzmann, which means "wood-man," and of which Xylander is the Greek equivalent. He studied at Augsburg and at Tubingen, and in 1558 was appointed professor at Heidelberg. He was greatly respected for his learning and his translations from Greek and Latin were held as the best of authority. Of interest to us is his published translation from the Latin of Psello's treatise on mathematics and music. He died in Heidelberg.