Eminent German conductor, teacher and composer; at the time of his death director of the Cologne Conservatory and conductor of the famous Gürzenich concerts. He was born at Minister, Westphalia, studied here under C. Arnold and A. Schindler, later was pupil of Schindler in Frankfort and of F. Kessler, continued work in Berlin, Hanover, Cologne, Leipsic and elsewhere. Commenced a career as pianist and won considerable reputation, especially as interpreter of Beethoven. In 1856 he was appointed teacher of piano at the Munich Conservatory, two years later became music-director at Aix-la-Chapelle, from now on devoted himself to conducting. In 1864 he was associated with Rietz in conducting the Lower Rhine Festival, was conductor of the festivals of 1882, 1886 and 1890. During an extended period of residence in Munich, he occupied various posts; was Court chapel conductor, director of choral classes in the School of Music. In 1869 followed von Bülow as conductor of the Court Opera and Academy concerts, the next year became Court conductor, in 1875 Royal professor. He became Court chapelmaster at Dresden in 1877 and artistic director of the Conservatory; the season of 1883-1884 served as conductor of the Berlin Philharmonic Society, the latter year began his service at Cologne, remained there until his death. As a teacher he was very successful. His compositions include several masses, motets, chambermusic and other work.