Pianist, organist and composer; born at Weimar. He studied at the Leipsic Conservatory and later under Liszt. He went to Vienna in 1861 and in 1869 to St. Petersburg, where he succeeded A. Dreyschock as piano professor at the Conservatory. In 1872 he took up his residence permanently in Leipsic. His compositions are interesting and original and include music for piano and organ, songs and duets.