Violinist; born at Lüneburg, Hanover. He studied at the Leipsic Conservatory from 1877 to 1880 under Henry Schradieck and Franz Hermann for violin and E. F. Richter and W. Rust for theory. During this time he played with the Gewandhaus Orchestra. He was the director of Baron von Derwies* private orchestra at Nice from 1880 to 1884 and from then until 1887 he was teacher of violin at the Winterthur (Switzerland) Conservatory. The three years following he conducted a concert orchestra at Nuremberg and until 1893 the concerts of the Philharmonic Societies of Nuremberg and Fürth. From 1893 to 1896 he conducted the Philharmonic Orchestra at Munich and the Kaim concerts. In the latter year he organized and conducted the Winderstein Orchestra, composed of sixty pieces. He also founded the Philharmonic concerts at Leipsic and Halle and was successful in concert tours to other cities. In 1898 he succeeded Klengel as conductor of the Leipsic Singakademie, which position he still holds. Among his compositions the best are a serenade, a suite, a valse caprice and a funeral march for orchestra.