Conductor and writer; born in Amsterdam, Holland. He studied at the Cologne Conservatory, and he also studied and practised law. He founded the Amsterdam Wagner Society in 1883, of which he became conductor. He also conducted the Excelsior Society from 1886 and the Cacilia Society from 1889. In 1896 he succeeded Nicolai as director of the Conservatory at The Hague. Since the last named year he has edited the Maandblad for Muziek and contributed to the Cacilia of The Hague and the Guide Musical. He has published a Lexicon der Toonkunst and composed orchestral and choral works.