Vianesi, Auguste Charles Leonard
Born at Leghorn; the son of a musician. He received his early musical training in Italy under Pacini and Dohler, going to Paris when twenty years of age. He brought a letter of introduction to Rossini and completed his musical studies there. Two years later he was called to London by the appointment of conductor at Drury Lane. Later he held similar positions in New York, Moscow and St. Petersburg. Returning to London he conducted Italian Opera for twelve years at Covent Garden. In his wanderings he was conductor in many cities in Great Britain and on the Continent. In 1885 he became a naturalized Frenchman and two years later was appointed to succeed Altes as first conductor of the Grand Opera in Paris.