Pianist; born at Dessau, where he received his early musical education from Friedrich Schneider. From 1844 to 1846 he studied at the Leipsic Conservatory, enjoying the friendship of Hauptmann, Mendelssohn and other celebrated musicians. He settled at Düsseldorf, soon becoming quite well known there as a pianist, and in 1847 succeeding Julius Rietz as conductor of the Künstlerliedertafel. In 1853 he temporarily filled Schumann's position as leader of the Musikverein, and in 1855 he was appointed to fill it permanently. He conducted the Lower Rhine Festivals of 1863, 1866, 1869, 1872 and 1875, being assisted in 1866 by Goldschmidt. He also conducted the concerts of Glasgow Festival during the winter of 1878. He died at Bonn in 1895. He has written Music to Twelfth Night; a FestOuvertüre; music to As You Like It; an Ave Maria for soprano solo and orchestra; Der B lumen Klage auf dem Tod des Sangers, written for soprano solo, female chorus and orchestra; Dein Leben schied dein Ruhr begann, for male chorus and orchestra; other male choruses, pianopieces, songs and a duo for piano and violin.