Stamitz, Johann Karl
Famous Bohemian violinist, composer and concertmaster. Was born at Deutschbrod, and was chiefly selftaught in music. Stamitz founded the famous violin school at Mannheim, which for a long time enjoyed a high reputation. He was Electoral concertmaster and director of the chambermusic at Mannheim, a post which he held until his death. Stamitz composed six sonatas for harpsichord and violin; concertos; violin musicj twelve symphonies; nocturnes for violin and cello; and duets. His works were extremely well liked in their day, but have not had any enduring popularity. The traditions of the Mannheim Violin School, of which Stamitz was the founder, were afterward transplanted to Munich.