German composer and teacher; born at Beuthen, Upper Silesia. His parents wanted him to be a miner and for a time he acceded to their wishes, but, having already written a number of songs and orchestral works, he was encouraged to make music his career by the success of his operetta, Fridolin, at Breslau in 1862. Accordingly he entered the Leipsic Conservatory and studied privately with Riedel. In 1867 he made Zurich his home, and there taught and composed until a nervous trouble forced him temporarily to abandon creative work. Since 1881 he has lived in Dresden, where he is piano teacher at the Conservatory. His works include Aschenbrodel or die Zauberschlaf, an opera; overtures; symphonies; kinder-sinfonie; psalms; songs and much piano-music. His choral works show a decided modern tendency.