German dramatic soprano; born at Munich; the daughter of the wellknown barytone, August Kindermann. Her earliest lessons were received from her mother on the piano; she later attended the School of Music in in her native city, where, on the advice of Wullner, she gave up instrumental for vocal music, which she studied under her father. Her debut was made in a boy's part in Die Meistersinger at the Opera, Munich; then, after various minor appearances in Leipsic, Berlin and Carlsruhe, at the Gartnerplatz Theatre, Munich, where she married the actor, Reicher, and sang in light opera. In 1876 she appeared in two of Wagner's cycles at Bayreuth, then at Hamburg, where she created the part of Leah in Rubinstein's opera, Maccabaeus; subsequent appearances included Monte Carlo, where she sang with much success, and Leipsic, where she made her debut at Fidelio, and remaining under Neumann's management there for two seasons, touring with his Wagner Company in London, Berlin and other German cities, lastly in Trieste, 1883, where she died. Her gifts as an actress and strong dramatic soprano voice were admirably suited to the production of the heroic and supernatural roles in which Wagner's operas abound.