German vocal composer; born at Schmarsow, near Demmin; originally studied theology, but decided on a musical career, and became a pupil of Bernhard Klein. He settled in Berlin as a teacher, among his pupils being the Emperor Frederick, and here conducted the choral society for young men. His works number thirty-six, for the most part songs. He is best known as the composer of Was ist des Deutschen Vaterland? (Where is the German's fatherland?), widely sung in Germany. He died in Berlin.