Ravina, Jean Henri
French pianist and composer; born at Bordeaux; was a pupil of Laurent in theory, and Zimmermann in piano at the Paris Conservatory, where in 1832 he won the second prize for piano and the first in 1834; the next year he also took the first prize for harmony and accompaniment, and was assistant teacher in the Conservatory. He studied also under Reicha and Leiborne, and in 1837 began work as a concert pianist, and also taught in Paris, where he made his home. His tours included Russia and Spain, as well as France. In 1861 he was made a Chevalier of the Legion of Honor. His compositions include concerto for piano; twelve etudes de style; twentyfive etudes harmonieuses; twenty-five etudes mignonnes; and a number of graceful piano-pieces of the salon type, including variations and transcriptions. He also arranged for duets Beethoven's sets of variations and nine symphonies.