Able American teacher, writer and publisher; born at Pittsburg, Pa., of German parents. He was educated at Mt. Union College, Ohio, and, hayting studied music, entered a music store at Philadelphia, where in four years he rose from clerk to manager. After teaching music at a number of Ohio colleges he studied at Boston and at the Leipsic Conservatory. On his return Hollins Institute secured his services. He made for himself an excellent reputation as a teacher, and the experience thus gained has been of great importance in making The fetude, his monthly musical magazine, valuable to both teacher and pupil. He has lived in Philadelphia since 1884, editing The fitude and conducting his music publishing house. He has given private lessons and written numerous piano studies for use in teaching, some of which have been published, and some sixty of which are still in manuscript.