Bohemian musical journalist and conductor; born at Prague, and died at Munich. Studied piano under Muller, harmony under Rummel, and counterpoint under Zwonar. He composed some songs, taught in the Royal School of Music at Munich, and directed the King's music, after 1871, as well as the Porgesschen Gesangverein, which he founded in 1886. He was one of the editors of the Neue Zeitschrift fur Music in 1863, and of the Süddeutsche Presse at Munich, and zealously championed Wagner and his cause. He also wrote some songs, and numerous essays, among them Uber die Auffuhrung von Beethovens 9 symphonic unter Wagner, and Die Buhnenproben zu den 1876er Festspielen.