Born at Schwedt, Prussia. His first position was as clarinet-player in the Alexander Grenadier Regiment, Berlin. In 1843 he established symphony concerts and also an independent orchestra, the Berlin Symphoniekapelle, which was often employed for concerts given by the Berlin Vocal Societies. His success brought him the title of Royal music-director in 1860, but seven years later his orchestra deserted him and elected Professor Stern to succeed him. Liebig organized another orchestra, but its success was never great. He died in Berlin.