German pianist and composer; born at Schwerstedt, near Erfurt, Prussia. First a pupil of his father and others at Erfurt; he afterwards studied in Berlin under A. W. Bach, Grell, Loschhorn and G. Schumann. He lived in Berlin, where he successfully played in concerts from 1860 to 1870, after which he devoted himself to composition. Most of his works became very popular. He was a prolific composer, producing more than two hundred and fifty works, which included original pieces, fantasias, transcriptions, etc., for piano.