Excellent viola player and a writer of beautiful compositions for that instrument. Was born at Elberfeld, Germany. He began to play when only three years old, and at ten studied under Japha at Cologne. When sixteen, he won an open scholarship at the Royal College of Music, where he remained until 1888, studying violin with Holmes and composition with Stanford. For two years he gave special attention to the viola, making his debut as a soloist at a Henschel concert in 1888. He became well known in England. He was violin soloist at the Leeds Festival in 1889; from 1888 to 1903 one of the Gompertz Quartet, and from 1900 to 1903 a member of the Queen's band. In 1903 he became assistant musical director of the Covent Garden Opera, and on the advice of Richter joined the Halle Orchestra to study conducting with its leader. At present he has almost given up playing and composing for the viola, intending to turn his attention to operatic work, the training of singers and conducting. His compositions for the viola are of a very high order, among them being a trio in C; a prize quintet for horn and string quartet; a concerto for viola and orchestra; many viola solos; other chamber-music; and also a number of beautiful songs.