Klindworth, Karl


Eminent German pianist, teacher and conductor, a favorite pupil of Liszt. As a child he showed remarkable musical talent. Instruction being beyond his means he learned both piano and violin by studying alone, and at the age of six appeared at his first public concert. His greatest ambition up to his sixteenth year was to study the violin with Spohr, but finding it impossible to gratify this desire he finally abandoned it, and commenced his musical career by conducting the orchestra of a traveling opera company. In 1852 he made a tour as a concert pianist and it was during this time that he met Liszt at Weimar, with whom he studied for two years. He then went to London, where he lived for a number of years teaching and appearing at concerts. In 1868 Rubinstein sent for Klindworth to come to Moscow as piano instructor in the Imperial Conservatory, and he remained there until 1882, when he went to Berlin and  started a school of his own. There he conducted the Berlin Wagner Society, and with Joachim and Wüllner, the Philharmonic concerts. In 1893 he gave up his work and went to Potsdam, which has since been his home. As a teacher he is very broad, and many of his pupils have become well known. He advocated general as well as musical education for musical students. His greatest work has been his arrangement for the piano of various masterpieces of Bach, Mendelssohn, Chopin, Schubert, Tschaikowsky and Wagner, especially Der Ring des Nibelungen. He has composed a few successful pieces for the piano.