Jonas, Emile

1827-1905

French composer of opera bouffe. Born at Paris of Jewish parents and studied at the Conservatory, beginning 1841, in Le Couppey's and Caraffa's classes, taking second and first prize in harmony, and the second Grand Prize of Rome in 1849 for his cantata, Antonio. From 1847 to 1870 he taught singing and harmony at the Conservatory. Published in 1854 a Collection of Hebrew Songs. Was leader of one of the bands of the National Guards and secretary of the committee on the organization of Military Festivals at the Exposition of 1867, for which he was made Chevalier of the Legion of Honor. His first opera, Le Duel de Benjamin, was played at Bouffes Parisians in 1855. Then followed La Parade; Le Roi Boit; Les Petits Prodiges; Job et Son Chien; Avant la Noce; and Desire, Sire de Champigny. Les Deux Arlequins and Le Canard a Trois Bees, were produced in Paris and London. Javotte was given under the name of Cinderella the Younger. Le Chignon d'Or, La Bonne a Venture and Le Premier Easier appeared later. Jonas died at St. Germain.