Hernando, Rafael Jose Maria

1822-

A modern representative musician of Spain. Born in Madrid; educated at the Conservatory under R. Carnicer, and later studied in Paris, where he produced a Stabat Mater at the St. Cecilia Society, but failed in an effort to produce a four-act Kalian opera in the Theatre Italien. Returned to Madrid and became composer and director for a Madrid theatre. In 1852 he was appointed secretary of the Madrid Conservatory and later professor of harmony. He was the founder of the Mutual Aid Musical Society in Madrid, and became its secretary. Among his compositions are a number of operettas; a mass, performed in 1867; cantatas and hymns.