Eminent contemporary German violinist, who now resides in the United States. He was born at Crefeld, Germany, studied piano and violin under Julius Oertling in Crefeld and taught in that town. Later he was engaged in teaching in Vienna. Two years were spent in Switzerland, where he filled engagements as solo-violonist. He then went to Berlin for further study, remaining there four years, studying in the Royal Hochschule under Joachim, Heinrich Jacobsen, Bargiel, Spitta and Schulz. After a tour in Germany as member of a quartet he assumed the duties of concertmaster at Basle, Switzerland. At the request of Theodore Thomas he left Basle to go to America, and since 1902 has been a member of the Theodore Thomas Orchestra. He plays principal viola in this famous organization.