Conductor and composer, who was born in Nuremberg. He studied first with his father and August Raab, and in 1863 entered the Leipsic Conservatory, where for four years he studied piano under Moscheles and Reinecke, violin under David and Dreyschock, theory under Hauptmann, Richter and Reinecke, and later was a pupil of Rietz at Dresden. From 1871 to 1880 he was conductor of the orchestra of the Prince of Schwarzburg, Sondershausen, where he caused the best modern works to be performed, raising the already high standard of the orchestra. After resigning this position he lived in Vienna, Leipsic and Nuremberg, and in 1882 he was appointed director of the Imperial Musical Society and professor at the Conservatory of Moscow, where in 1885 he established an orchestral society for students. He later conducted the Bremen Philharmonic concerts in Germany, and in 1895 the Symphony concerts at St. Petersburg. The following year he was appointed director of the Court Theatre in Munich. He married, in 1874, Pauline Fichtner, who was a pupil of Liszt and Court pianist at Weimar and Darmstadt His works are as follows: Several compositions for solos, chorus and orchestra; Prinzessin Ilse; a Forest Legend; Schneewittchen; Traunkonig and sein Lieb; and Des Kaiserheeres Romfahrt, for male chorus and orchestra; overture to Brachvogel's Narciss, for violin and piano; a sonata; and Album-leaves; also songs, male choruses and compositions for piano.