Drouet, Louis François Philippe
Eminent flute-player, who was born at Amsterdam, Holland, and is one of the founders of modern flute-playing. He was, from 1807 until 1810, teacher to King Louis of Holland and is supposed to have composed Partant pour la Syrie, the French national song, commonly attributed to Eugenie de Beauharnais (Queen Hortense of Holland), and long since superseded by the song of freedom, La Marseillaise. Drouet settled in London, where he established a flute factory and appeared as a soloist at the Philharmonic concerts. In 1811 he was appointed solo flutist to Napoleon I., retaining this position until after the Restoration. From 1836 until 1854 he was Court chapelmaster at Coburg, and later visited America, living upon his return at Gotha and Frankfort. Drouet composed a number of works, among them three waltzes for flute; three trios for flute; fantasia for piano and flute; concertos; variations and duets. In all, his compositions for the flute number one hundred and fifty.