Chelard, Hippolyte Andre Jean Baptiste

1789-1861

A composer, who, in spite of many failures and vicissitudes, produced three successful operas, and had a considerable influence upon the music of his time. Born in Paris. He was the son of a clarinettist in the Grand Opera and began his career as an instructor of music and a violinist. Was a pupil of Fetis, then of Gossec, and Dourleu, in the Conservatory of Paris, taking the Grand Prize of Rome in 1811. He was court chapelmaster at Weimar, from 1836 to 1850. His first opera was brought out at Naples, in 1815, but it was not a success and its author returned to Paris, where he entered the orchestra as a violinist and gave music lessons. He wrote a second opera, which failed, and then opened a music shop which was destroyed during the Revolution. Conducted the German opera in London, which also failed, and revisited Munich, where his opera, Die Hermannschlacht, was given, in 1835, and was well received. He subsequently wrote the music for Macbeth, the libretto of which was written by Rouget de Lisle, who is credited with having written the French national hymn, La Marseillaise, Macbeth, Der Student and Mitternacht, were all great successes. A. posthumous opera was given in Milan in 1864, but his works are no longer performed, although the overture to Macbeth is heard sometimes in concerts.