German writer, teacher, concert pianist and composer. He was born at Berlin, took the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at the University of Kiel, and then turned his attention wholly to music. His teachers in piano were Luchtenberg and Zech, and theory he studied of Siegfried Dehn. He met with success as a concert pianist and was very successful as a teacher of piano. In 1865, he became president of the Berlin Tonkünstlerverein, was one of the founders of the Musiklehrerverein, which also he served as president. In 1872, he was given the title of Professor, from 1874 for a number of years edited the musical paper Harmonic, and published Zwolf Vorlesungen über Musikgeschichte, and Licht und Wendepunkte in der Entwickelung der Musik. His compositions included songs, pieces for the piano, overtures and march for orchestra, and some church music.